Growing Jalapeno Peppers in a Backyard Vegetable Garden


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How to grow jalapeno peppers in a backyard vegetable garden. jalapeno peppers are an excellent crop to grow in a backyard vegetable garden. They do well in a range of soil conditions and tolerate the summer heat fairly well.

Fertilizer For Jalapeno Peppers

Jalapeno Peppers do best with a well balanced fertilizer, such as 13-13-13. Avoid high nitrogen fertilizers such as 21-0-0, or even 16-6-12. When taken care of Jalapeno Peppers will produce through the summer months and into fall. Unless killed by a winter frost, the plants may survive through the winter and into the following spring.

Because Jalapeno Peppers have such a long growing season they benefit from slow release fertilizer, such as manure.

We are going to start off with tilling the garden rows with a garden tiller. Then mix in some well balanced fertilizer, such as 13-13-13, and some kind of manure or compost. Till the fertilizer, compost, and or manure into the rows. Remove clumps of soil, rocks, or tree roots.

The 13-13-13 fertilizer will provide the Jalapeno Peppers with plant food to get started, then the manure / compost will provide a slow release fertilizer to help the plant thrive over the course of several months.

This should be enough to help the plant produce through the summer months.

Planting Jalapeno Peppers

When given the room, good soil, fertilizer, and plenty of water, Jalapeno Pepper plants can grow quit large. Plant the pepper plants around 24 inches apart and where they can receive plenty of sunlight.

Space the rows up to 24 - 36 inches apart. Typically, I like to plant my rows far enough apart that a lawn mower can be ran between the rows. This means my Jalapeno Pepper plant rows are around 48 inches apart.

Plant the pepper plants after any chance of frost has passed. Here in the southern part of the United States a lot of people plant around Easter. Some of the old timers will not plant until the week after Easter Sunday. Personally, I typically start planting after the Ides of March.

Rather than planting the peppers in soil, some people opt to plant them in containers. If Jalapeno Peppers are grown in containers, use at least a two cubic foot pot. From my personal experience, anything less than two cubic feet will result in the plant getting root bound.

Jalapeno Pepper Production

Given proper care the pepper plants should start producing Jalapeno Peppers around 60 days after being planted. If planted in March, the plants should start bearing towards the end of May.

While Jalapeno Peppers tolerate hot weather rather well, they have a high water requirement. Allowing the plants to wilt is not advised. Most plants will wilt while in direct sunlight. If the pepper plants are wilted when not in direct sunlight, chances are they need water.
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